This lovely Dutch skirt made from a 'toile de Jouy' came from a family in Wormeever just north of Zaanstreek (Zaans region) and north of Amsterdam. During the 17th and 18th centuries this was a prosperous area where timber yards and ship building took place. In the 18th century the prosperous merchants wives of the area would be wearing a short jacket or caracao and skirt, often made of Indian chintz. During the early 19th century when Napolean occupied the Netherlands, Indian chintz use was restricted to France for home use, so French fabrics were imported into the Netherlands
The photo shows the mother of the vendor wearing the skirt at a Liberation party in 1945. The vendor is the small girl beside her, with her father to the right.
The reason for the variation in the density of the print maybe to do with the blade that adjusts the amount of ink applied to the roller.
Roller printing was invented by Thomas Bell in 1783 and began at Jouy in 1797.
At Jouy one days roller printed yardage production would have taken 42 block printers to achieve the same amount.
The white cotton ground roller printed with flower and fruit sprays suspended above or hanging below leafy sways or knotted chains, tightly gathered into waistband, white cotton tape to top and hem of skirt, side opening, large brass hook and eye, a deep white cotton hem
3 widths each 37 in; 94 cm plus selvedge
Length 38 in; 97 cm
Pattern repeat 11 in; 28 cm.
Very good. It is interesting to note that the colour at the top of the skirt is stronger than the lower section. There are three different tapes to the waistband, one original, one newer and another newer and woven with two stripes of ochre. A small tear to the lower left hand side front, 3/4 in; 2 cm long. This can hardly be seen. A similar tear just above the height of the lining to the back.
All images and text © meg-andrews.com 2018